Entradas Etiquetadas ‘Nasa’

Supplying a pharmacy for NASA Exploration SpaceFlight

In order to maintain crew health and performance during long-duration spaceflight outside of low-Earth orbit, NASA and its international partners must be capable of providing a safe and effectivepharmacy. Given few directed studies of pharmaceuticals in the space environment, it is difficult to characterize pharmaceutical effectiveness or stability during spaceflight; this in turn makes it challenging to select an appropriate formulary for exploration. Here, we present the current state of literature regarding pharmaceutical stability, metabolism, and effectiveness during spaceflight. In particular, we have attempted to highlight the gaps in current knowledge and the difficulties in translating terrestrial-based drug studies to a meaningful interpretation of drug stability, safety, and effectiveness in space. We hope to identify high-yield opportunities for future research that might better define and mitigate pharmaceutical risk for exploration missions

Supplying a pharmacy for NASA exploration spaceflight: challenges and current understanding

Rebecca S. Blue , Tina M. Bayuse, Vernie R. Daniels , Virginia E. Wotring , Rahul Suresh , Robert A. Mulcahy and Erik L. Antonsen

npj Microgravity (2019) 5:14 ;

The NASA twins study

Domingo, 21 de abril de 2019 Google Scholar Sin comentarios

To date, 559 humans have been flown into space, but long-duration (>300 days) missions are rare (n = 8 total). Long-duration missions that will take humans to Mars and beyond are planned for the2020s and 2030s; therefore, comprehensive studies are needed. The selection of one of a pair of monozygotic (identical) twin astronauts for NASA’s first 1-year mission has enabled  to compare the impact of the spaceflight environment on one twin to the simultaneous impact of the Earth environment on a genetically matched subject.

The conclusion is as following: “Given that the majority of the biological and human health variables remained stable, or returned to baseline, after a 340-day space mission, these data suggest that human health can be mostly sustained over this duration of spacefligh”

Do not miss the whole article published very recently in Science

The NASA  Twins Study :A multidimensional analysis of a year long human spaceflight

Garret-Bakelman et al / Science 364 / April 2019

Ellison-Cliffe lecture – Medicine for Mars-

Miércoles, 10 de octubre de 2012 Pedro Ortiz García Sin comentarios

Due to the large amount of interest in this lecture and the popularity of the event, we’re delighted to now offer RSM Members ¬†the chance to see the Ellison-Cliffe lecture via a webinar from your PC or laptop.¬† Dr Kevin Fong will give the Ellison-Cliffe lecture entitled ‘Medicine for Mars’. Dr Kevin Fong is a Wellcome Trust Public Engagement Fellow and Consultant in Anaesthesia at UCL. He holds degrees in astrophysics, medicine and engineering, and has worked with NASA’s Human Adaptation and Countermeasures Office. He is associate Director and Founder of the Centre for Altitude, Space and Extreme (CASE) environment at UCL


There is no charge for the webinar – but registration is required so that login details can be sent to you the day before the event-

The Royal Society of Medicine / 16th October-2012/ 18.30 h

Spirit Video: “How to get to Mars”

Lunes, 24 de septiembre de 2012 Ovidio Fernández Martín Sin comentarios

Spirit, MER-A (Mars Exploration Rover — A), is a robotic rover on Mars, active from 2004 to 2010. It was one of two rovers of NASA’s ongoing Mars Exploration Rover Mission

More information…

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Prevenci√≥n de “vehiculos espaciales enfermos”

El estudio de la actividad microbiana a bordo de la Estaci√≥n Espacial Internacional, y anteriormente en la extinta estaci√≥n espacial Mir, es importante para prever qu√© microrganismos ¬†pueden multiplicarse en naves espaciales tripuladas en futuros viajes de larga duraci√≥n¬† a otros planetas, por la obvia incidencia que ello puede tener en la salud de los astronautas viviendo en dicho ambiente cerrado….

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Lunes, 25 de junio de 2012 Laura Duque Arrubla Sin comentarios

This month, CallBack from NASA`s Aviation Safety Report System takes a look at how the urge to press on to ones`s destination, despite conditions that might otherwise discourage such a decision, can lead to risky behavior and undesirable consequences. Four pilots who let “ge¬ī-home-itis” cloud their thinking share valuable insights into avoiding this dangerous malady.


** Get-Home-itis

      CALLBACK / ARS -NASA Issue 389. June 2012

Breaking the Mishap Chain

Lunes, 11 de junio de 2012 Pedro Ortiz García Sin comentarios

This book that we recommend is about “Human Factors Lessons Learned from Aerospace ¬†Accidents and Incidents in Research, Flight¬†Test, and Development” .It contains a collection of case studies of mishaps involving experimental aircraft, aerospace vehicles, and spacecraft in which human factors played a significant role. It is offered as a learning tool so that future organizations, programs, and projects may not be destined to repeat the mistakes of the past and is highly advisable for someone devoted to aeromedical field.


** Breaking the mishap chain

      By Peter W. Merlin, Gregg A. Bendrick, and Dwight A. Holland

El ser humano podría pisar un asteroide por primera vez en 2020

El futuro Sistema de Lanzamiento Espacial (SLS por sus siglas en ingl√©s) en el que trabaja la NASA, est√° en camino de dar a Estados Unidos el m√°s potente veh√≠culo que nunca haya existido para el env√≠o de seres humanos hacia el espacio profundo antes de diez a√Īos. El futuro cohete ¬†ser√° tan alto como un edificio de 36 pisos. La NASA va a entrenar a un equipo de astronautas para aterrizar en un asteroide y poder explorar su superficie, buscar minerales e incluso y descubrir si es una posible amenaza para la Tierra, seg√ļn ha confirmado el piloto brit√°nico Tim Peake a The Telegraph.


Para leer todo el artículo:

** La NASA enviar√° a humanos por el Sistema Solar en 2021  14/05/2012

Space Shuttle Flight Deck: Exclusive New Pictures with a new 360 panorama

Miércoles, 18 de abril de 2012 Twitter Sin comentarios

This week NASA‘s space shuttle Discovery will fly low over Washington, D.C., atop a jumbo jet and roll into its new permanent home with the Smithsonian Institution. Once the spaceship is settled into the museum, visitors won’t be able to hop into the commander’s seat and fiddle with switches‚ÄĒthe institution intends to seal up Discovery indefinitely. To provide an unprecedented look at Discovery and the other retired space shuttles, both inside and out, photographers with National Geographic recently capture¬† more than two dozen ultrahigh-resolution, 360-degree pictures of each orbiter. (The Society owns National Geographic News.)


** Space Shuttle in Extreme Detail: Exclusive New Pictures / National Geographic / Dave Moser

¬†Instructions: To explore this gigapan, use the controls at the left of the image, click and drag with your mouse, or use your keyboard’s arrow keys to navigate left or right and the plus and minus keys to zoom in and out. Click “View All” to see the entire image. Click on the snapshots to learn more about certain details

La NASA publica el Atlas m√°s completo del Universo

Viernes, 23 de marzo de 2012 Ovidio Fernández Martín Sin comentarios

Consta de m√°s de 1.500 millones de galaxias, estrellas y otros objetos astron√≥micos. En realidad se trata de un atlas en infrarrojos, pues lo han conseguido mediante el telescopio espacial de infrarrojo WISE.¬†Fue ¬†lanzado 14 de diciembre 2009 y a lo largo de 2010 cartografi√≥ todo el Universo con una sensibilidad mucho mayor que sus predecesores.¬†¬†Las observaciones de WISE han conducido a numerosos descubrimientos, entre ellos una nueva y escurridiza clase de estrellas fallidas, llamada ¬ęY-enanas¬Ľ.


** Más información

      Un Mapa completo del cielo en infrarojo / A.R. El País 14/03/2012

      NASA publica el Atlas del Universo / EP ABC 16/03/2012