Mars shows potential for both scientific discovery and future human  settlement.  Currently proposed Mars missions have identified a number of challenges such as high levels of radiation, harsh climate and limited launch windows. Recently discovered lava tubes on Mars present potential solutions to some of these issues such as planetary protection and crew safety. After our presentation at SEMA Symposium in Palma, you can read this full report that assesses the feasibility of overcoming such challenges through the exploitation of Mars caves.


** ACCESS Mars: Assessing Cave Capabilities Establishing Specific Solutions  Sponsored by NASA.  (Executive Summary and Full Report 100 pages)

      International Space University / 2009