Space medicine is fundamental to the human exploration of space. It supports survival, function and performance in this challenging and potentially lethal environment. It is international, intercultural and interdisciplinary, operating at the boundaries of exploration, science, technology and medicine. Space medicine is also the latest UK specialty to be recognized by the Royal College of Physicians in the UK and the General Medical Council.
This review introduces the field of space medicine and describes the different types of spaceflight, environmental challenges, associated medical and physiological effects, and operational medical considerations.
It is clear, concise and easy to read, advisable for beginners and experts alike.
An overview of Aerospace Medicine
British Journal of Anaesthesia, 119 (S1): i143–i153 (2017)
P. D. Hodkinson1,2,*, R. A. Anderton3 , B. N. Posselt1 and K. J. Fong4
1 Royal Air Force Centre of Aviation Medicine, RAF Henlow, Bedfordshire 2 Division of Anaesthesia, University of Cambridge,  3 Civil Aviation Authority, Gatwick Airport South, Aviation House, Crawley, Gatwick  and 4 University College London Hospital,
*Corresponding author. E-mail: