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Archivo para la categoría ‘Informes / Memorandum’

Alcohol y Vuelo: Una combinaci贸n que puede ser letal

Jueves, 10 de enero de 2019 admin Sin comentarios

En un informe que podr铆a preocupar a los viajeros, se report贸 que pilotos de Japan Airlines hab铆an dado positivo 19 veces en las pruebas del alcohol铆metro, desde agosto de 2017, cuando se introdujo un dispositivo m谩s sensible para los controles internos. El 煤ltimo informe surge tras la noticia de que un piloto de Japan Airlines admiti贸 haber estado m谩s de 10 veces por encima del l铆mite legal de alcohol en el aeropuerto Heathrow de Londres, en octubre de 2018.

El alcohol es聽 la “droga” m谩s consumida en nuestro entorno sociocultural, de la que m谩s se abusa y la que m谩s problemas sociales y sanitarios causa. El alcohol en concreto adormece progresivamente el funcionamiento de los centros cerebrales superiores, produciendo desinhibici贸n conductual y emocional. No es un estimulante, como a veces se cree: la euforia inicial que provoca se debe a que su primera acci贸n inhibidora se produce sobre los centros cerebrales responsables del autocontrol.

En aviaci贸n siempre tenemos que estar recordando que la combinaci贸n del alcohol con el vuelo puede ser fatal, y para ello nada mejor que recordar los puntos b谩sicos en este folleto de la FAA.

Alcohol and Flying : A deadly Combination

Commercial Aviation: “Exposure to NOISE aboard aircrafts “

Mi茅rcoles, 19 de diciembre de 2018 Twitter Sin comentarios

Airline pilots and flight attendants, working in the cockpit and cabin, are exposed to noise from aircraft engines, high-speed airflow, and other sources. Exposure to elevated noise levels can cause permanent changes in hearing, diminished ability to communicate, and fatigue. GAO ( US Goverment Accountability Office)聽 was asked to provide information on noise levels experienced by crewmembers working in commercial service aircraft and their access to hearing protection. This report examines: (1) what is known about aircraft cabin and cockpit noise levels compared with occupational noise exposure standards and (2) selected airlines鈥 policies on hearing protection for crewmembers.聽 GAO reviewed OSHA鈥檚 occupational noise exposure standard, NIOSH鈥檚 recommended occupational noise exposure limit, and regulations and guidance from FAA, as well as other sources.

Pilots’ and Flight Attendants’ Exposure to Noise aboard Aircraft

Pilots incapacitated by cold?

Mi茅rcoles, 17 de octubre de 2012 Twitter 2 comentarios

The British AAIB (Air Accident Investigation Branch) released their bulletin concluding 聽the probable cause of an incident that British Airways A321 had near London on Dec 20th 2011 :
“The symptoms experienced by the commander may have been the result of the after-effects of a cold, combined with coincidental head and aircraft movement. The temporary symptoms experienced by the co-pilot may have been a reflection of the potentially evolving situation of an incapacitation at an early stage in the flight leading to possible mild hyperventilation.”

Do you want to read the whole story?

** Incident: British Airways A321 near London on Dec 20th 2011, both flight crew nearly passed out

Simon Hradecky / 11th-Oct-2012 / The Aviation Herald

Recommends Against Routine Electrocardiogram Screening

Mi茅rcoles, 5 de septiembre de 2012 Pedro Ortiz Garc铆a Sin comentarios

The leading cause of death in the United States is coronary heart disease (CHD). In 2004, 聽the US Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommended against electrocardiogram聽 (ECG) in asymptomatic adults.聽Besides, ECG is not recommended as part of periodic health examinations, according to the American Academy of Family Physicians. This report from the USPSTF updates the 2004 recommendations on ECG screening for asymptomatic adults at low, intermediate, or high risk for CHD events.

You can see herein below the whole article聽published by MedScape / August 2012

News Author: Laurie Barclay, MD
CME Author: Penny Murata, MD

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Mortalidad general y por causas en Madrid

Viernes, 20 de julio de 2012 Jose Mar铆a P茅rez Sastre Sin comentarios

La mortalidad nos da una buena aproximaci贸n al estado de salud de las poblaciones; al ser un fen贸meno demogr谩fico inevitable, irrepetible e irreversible permite generar indicadores que ayudan a comprender la situaci贸n actual de mortalidad en un determinado territorio.聽En Espa帽a la mayor parte de los fallecimientos se debe a enfermedades cr贸nicas, fundamentalmente cardiovasculares y c谩ncer, que llevan asociados diferentes factores de riesgo evitables. El objetivo de este informe es describir la mortalidad general y espec铆fica por edad y sexo en la Comunidad de Madrid聽 en 2009, valorando su evoluci贸n y tendencias en los 煤ltimos a帽os.

** Informe Mortalidad Madrid 2009

聽聽聽聽聽 Boletin Oficial Comunidad de Madrid / n潞3 Vol 18 . Marzo 2012

聽聽聽聽聽 Servicio Epidemiolog铆a / Salud Madrid ISSN 1695-7059

Dossier sobre Enfermedades Profesionales

Lunes, 16 de julio de 2012 Luis Cotarelo Sin comentarios

Comenzamos con un Documento que forma parte de una serie de dossieres sobre temas 聽de particular complejidad o que han tenido actualizaciones y adaptaciones legislativas en los 煤ltimos tiempos. Parte de un planteamiento del riesgo pluridisciplinar, incluyen datos sobre la realidad espa帽ola (datos sobre poblaci贸n expuesta, percepci贸n del problema, datos econ贸micos, etc), normativa y enlaces a materiales complementarios o de particular inter茅s. ISTAS. 34 p谩ginas.

**聽 Informe sobre “Enfermedades Profesionales” ISTAS

聽聽聽聽聽 Instituto Sindical de Trabajo, Ambiente y Salud/ CCOO

Debido al inter茅s que los temas ocupacionales despiertan en nuestros visitantes, es por lo que abrimos una nueva secci贸n como Medicina del Trabajo/ Ocupacional. Esperemos que sea de vuestro inter茅s. (Nota Editor Sema)

Air France 447 Rio Janeiro-Paris Final Report

Viernes, 6 de julio de 2012 FSI / Curt Lewis Sin comentarios

Une action erron茅e du copilote alors aux commandes de l’avion, peut-锚tre induit en 聽erreur par le directeur de vol, un instrument informatique. Selon le rapport final du Bureau d’enqu锚tes et d’analyses, et m锚me si celui-ci pointe d’autres facteurs, il s’agit de la cause essentielle ayant conduit l’AF聽447 d’Air France faisant la liaison entre Rio de Janeiro et Paris 脿 s’ab卯mer dans l’oc茅an Atlantique, le 1er聽juin 2009 (228 morts).

** AF 447 Accident Final ENGLISH Report聽聽 26,6 MB聽 -224 pages-

聽聽聽聽 BEA聽 (Bureau d’enqu锚tes et d’analyses聽pour la s茅curit茅 de l鈥檃viation civile聽)

聽聽聽聽聽Minist猫re de l 鈥櫭塩ologie, du D茅veloppement durable, des Transports et du Logement聽

聽聽聽聽 France/ July聽2012聽

** Les derni猫res minutes du vol AF447聽 (Infographie-Le Monde)

Malaria – A hidden threat-

Lunes, 30 de abril de 2012 Pedro Ortiz Garc铆a Sin comentarios

In 2010, about 3.3 billion people – almost half of the world’s population – were at risk of malaria. Every year, this leads to about 216 million malaria cases and an estimated 655.000 deaths. People living in the poorest countries are the most vulnerable, but aside from this, Malaria is also a threat to expatriates and travelers, posing a risk that should never 聽be overstated. World Malaria Day – which was instituted by the World Health Assembly at its 60th session in May 2007 – is a day for recognizing the global effort to provide effective control of malaria. It was celebrated 25th April and we remind you the importance of protecting all the employees at risk

** World Malaria Day / WHO

** Protecting your employees from Malaria / International SOS MAlaria Brochure

NTSB: Pilot overwhelmed by G-forces in Reno crash

Jueves, 12 de abril de 2012 FSI / Curt Lewis Sin comentarios

The pilot of the P-51 Mustang that crashed at the Reno Air Races last September experienced overwhelming g-forces at the outset of the incident, and likely was incapacitated almost instantly, the National Transportation Safety Board said Tuesday.聽The safety board said the pilot rapidly experienced more than 9 g’s of acceleration, enough to decrease blood flow to his brain and render him unconscious….

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Sudden Hearing Loss – Clinical Practice Guideline-

Martes, 6 de marzo de 2012 Jose Mar铆a P茅rez Sastre Sin comentarios

Sudden hearing loss is defined as a rapid onset, ocurring over a 72-hour period, of a subjective sensation of hearing impairment in one or both ears. The primary presenting is a full or blocked ear, because this is so common and non-specific symtom, both, patients and physicians are not sufficiently worried by it and therefore, evaluation and treatment is oftenly delayed. As AME’s we should not overstate any prompt evaluation including otoscopy and audiometry -the most used criterion is a decrease in hearing of 30 dB afecting at least 3 consecutive frecuencies. Here you can download the Clinical Practice Guideline published by American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery-

** Sudden Hearing Loss: Clinical Practice Guideline

聽聽聽聽 Stacher,R; Chandrasekhar,S; Sanford,A; Rosenfeld,R; Seth,S; et al

聽聽聽 Otolaringology- Head and Neck Surgery- March 2012 146:S1