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Archivo para la categoría ‘Informes / Memorandum’

El consumo de Opioides en Espa帽a se incrementa casi al doble en los 煤ltimos a帽os

Lunes, 18 de marzo de 2019 Twitter Sin comentarios

La Agencia Espa帽ola de Medicamentos y Productos Sanitarios (AEMPS) ha publicado el informe de utilizaci贸n de Opioides en Espa帽a durante el periodo 2010-2017. En primera posici贸n del ranking de consumo, se sit煤a el聽tramadol y paracetamol, con un聽34,84聽 por ciento . En segunda posici贸n, con un 22,53 por ciento, el tramadol; le sigue el fentanilo, con un 16,28 por ciento; code铆na y paracetamol, con un 10,59 por ciento; buprenofina, con un 6,1 por ciento; tapentadol, con 2,9 por ciento; oxicodona y naloxona, 2,6 por ciento; tramadol y dexketoprofeno, 1,68 por ciento; code铆na e ibuprofeno, 1,6 por ciento; y,聽la morfina, completa el top 10, con un consumo del 1,85 por ciento.

Si quieres leer el informe completo:

Informe AEMPS de utilizaci贸n de Opioides en Espa帽a 2010-2017

2016 FAA Aerospace Medical Certification Statistical Handbook

Viernes, 15 de febrero de 2019 FAA CAMI Library Sin comentarios

The biennial Aerospace Medical Certification Statistical Handbook reports descriptive characteristics of all active U.S. civil aviation airmen and the aviation medical examiners (AMEs) that perform the required medical examinations. Results:聽 Airmen: As of December 31, 2016, there were 560,152 medically certified airmen age 16 and older, and 36.8%, 19.8%, and 43.5% were issued a 1st Class, 2nd Class, and 3rd Class medical certificate, respectively. Across all medical classes, the average age was 43 years, and 93.4% of the airmen were male. The mean BMI for both females and males was 24.1 and 27.2, respectively. Six percent of issued certificates required a special issuance. The most commonly reported medical condition was hypertension with medication, at 10.4%. Aviation medical examiners: Of the 2,955 active AMEs, 93.3% were civilian, 0.6% federal, 6.1% military, and 0.1% other. Of these, 47.7% reported their medical specialty as family practice. Their average age was 60.8 years and 87.4% were male

2016 Aerospace Medical Certification Statistical Handbook

Valerie J. Skaggs Ann I. Norris

Civil Aerospace Medical Institute (CAMI)

Federal Aviation Administration (FAA)聽 Oklahoma City, OK 73125 / Published May 2018

Research report into Australian commercial pilots鈥 experiences with fatigue

Mi茅rcoles, 23 de enero de 2019 Twitter Sin comentarios

The research report, Fatigue experience and culture in Australian commercial air transport pilots , highlights the majority of pilot surveyed reported they were well rested at the end of their last duty. Over half of the pilots reported having seven hours of sleep or more in the previous 24 hours, and over 60 per cent reported having more than 14 hours in the previous 48 hours at the end of their past . The report shows that 10 per cent of pilots reported obtaining less than five hours of sleep in the previous 24 hours, and 17 per cent reported they had less 12 hours in the previous 48 hours of their last fight.

In Australia, high capacity regular public transport operators are required to transition to the new fatigue rules by聽30 September 2019. All other operators will need to adopt the new fatigue requirements by 26 March 2020.

Fatigue Experience and Culture in Australian Commercial Air Transport Pilots 2019 / (63 pag.)

Alcohol y Vuelo: Una combinaci贸n que puede ser letal

Jueves, 10 de enero de 2019 admin Sin comentarios

En un informe que podr铆a preocupar a los viajeros, se report贸 que pilotos de Japan Airlines hab铆an dado positivo 19 veces en las pruebas del alcohol铆metro, desde agosto de 2017, cuando se introdujo un dispositivo m谩s sensible para los controles internos. El 煤ltimo informe surge tras la noticia de que un piloto de Japan Airlines admiti贸 haber estado m谩s de 10 veces por encima del l铆mite legal de alcohol en el aeropuerto Heathrow de Londres, en octubre de 2018.

El alcohol es聽 la “droga” m谩s consumida en nuestro entorno sociocultural, de la que m谩s se abusa y la que m谩s problemas sociales y sanitarios causa. El alcohol en concreto adormece progresivamente el funcionamiento de los centros cerebrales superiores, produciendo desinhibici贸n conductual y emocional. No es un estimulante, como a veces se cree: la euforia inicial que provoca se debe a que su primera acci贸n inhibidora se produce sobre los centros cerebrales responsables del autocontrol.

En aviaci贸n siempre tenemos que estar recordando que la combinaci贸n del alcohol con el vuelo puede ser fatal, y para ello nada mejor que recordar los puntos b谩sicos en este folleto de la FAA.

Alcohol and Flying : A deadly Combination

Commercial Aviation: “Exposure to NOISE aboard aircrafts “

Mi茅rcoles, 19 de diciembre de 2018 Twitter Sin comentarios

Airline pilots and flight attendants, working in the cockpit and cabin, are exposed to noise from aircraft engines, high-speed airflow, and other sources. Exposure to elevated noise levels can cause permanent changes in hearing, diminished ability to communicate, and fatigue. GAO ( US Goverment Accountability Office)聽 was asked to provide information on noise levels experienced by crewmembers working in commercial service aircraft and their access to hearing protection. This report examines: (1) what is known about aircraft cabin and cockpit noise levels compared with occupational noise exposure standards and (2) selected airlines鈥 policies on hearing protection for crewmembers.聽 GAO reviewed OSHA鈥檚 occupational noise exposure standard, NIOSH鈥檚 recommended occupational noise exposure limit, and regulations and guidance from FAA, as well as other sources.

Pilots’ and Flight Attendants’ Exposure to Noise aboard Aircraft

Pilots incapacitated by cold?

Mi茅rcoles, 17 de octubre de 2012 Twitter 2 comentarios

The British AAIB (Air Accident Investigation Branch) released their bulletin concluding 聽the probable cause of an incident that British Airways A321 had near London on Dec 20th 2011 :
“The symptoms experienced by the commander may have been the result of the after-effects of a cold, combined with coincidental head and aircraft movement. The temporary symptoms experienced by the co-pilot may have been a reflection of the potentially evolving situation of an incapacitation at an early stage in the flight leading to possible mild hyperventilation.”

Do you want to read the whole story?

** Incident: British Airways A321 near London on Dec 20th 2011, both flight crew nearly passed out

Simon Hradecky / 11th-Oct-2012 / The Aviation Herald

Recommends Against Routine Electrocardiogram Screening

Mi茅rcoles, 5 de septiembre de 2012 Pedro Ortiz Garc铆a Sin comentarios

The leading cause of death in the United States is coronary heart disease (CHD). In 2004, 聽the US Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommended against electrocardiogram聽 (ECG) in asymptomatic adults.聽Besides, ECG is not recommended as part of periodic health examinations, according to the American Academy of Family Physicians. This report from the USPSTF updates the 2004 recommendations on ECG screening for asymptomatic adults at low, intermediate, or high risk for CHD events.

You can see herein below the whole article聽published by MedScape / August 2012

News Author: Laurie Barclay, MD
CME Author: Penny Murata, MD

Leer más…

Mortalidad general y por causas en Madrid

Viernes, 20 de julio de 2012 Jose Mar铆a P茅rez Sastre Sin comentarios

La mortalidad nos da una buena aproximaci贸n al estado de salud de las poblaciones; al ser un fen贸meno demogr谩fico inevitable, irrepetible e irreversible permite generar indicadores que ayudan a comprender la situaci贸n actual de mortalidad en un determinado territorio.聽En Espa帽a la mayor parte de los fallecimientos se debe a enfermedades cr贸nicas, fundamentalmente cardiovasculares y c谩ncer, que llevan asociados diferentes factores de riesgo evitables. El objetivo de este informe es describir la mortalidad general y espec铆fica por edad y sexo en la Comunidad de Madrid聽 en 2009, valorando su evoluci贸n y tendencias en los 煤ltimos a帽os.

** Informe Mortalidad Madrid 2009

聽聽聽聽聽 Boletin Oficial Comunidad de Madrid / n潞3 Vol 18 . Marzo 2012

聽聽聽聽聽 Servicio Epidemiolog铆a / Salud Madrid ISSN 1695-7059

Dossier sobre Enfermedades Profesionales

Lunes, 16 de julio de 2012 Luis Cotarelo Sin comentarios

Comenzamos con un Documento que forma parte de una serie de dossieres sobre temas 聽de particular complejidad o que han tenido actualizaciones y adaptaciones legislativas en los 煤ltimos tiempos. Parte de un planteamiento del riesgo pluridisciplinar, incluyen datos sobre la realidad espa帽ola (datos sobre poblaci贸n expuesta, percepci贸n del problema, datos econ贸micos, etc), normativa y enlaces a materiales complementarios o de particular inter茅s. ISTAS. 34 p谩ginas.

**聽 Informe sobre “Enfermedades Profesionales” ISTAS

聽聽聽聽聽 Instituto Sindical de Trabajo, Ambiente y Salud/ CCOO

Debido al inter茅s que los temas ocupacionales despiertan en nuestros visitantes, es por lo que abrimos una nueva secci贸n como Medicina del Trabajo/ Ocupacional. Esperemos que sea de vuestro inter茅s. (Nota Editor Sema)

Air France 447 Rio Janeiro-Paris Final Report

Viernes, 6 de julio de 2012 FSI / Curt Lewis Sin comentarios

Une action erron茅e du copilote alors aux commandes de l’avion, peut-锚tre induit en 聽erreur par le directeur de vol, un instrument informatique. Selon le rapport final du Bureau d’enqu锚tes et d’analyses, et m锚me si celui-ci pointe d’autres facteurs, il s’agit de la cause essentielle ayant conduit l’AF聽447 d’Air France faisant la liaison entre Rio de Janeiro et Paris 脿 s’ab卯mer dans l’oc茅an Atlantique, le 1er聽juin 2009 (228 morts).

** AF 447 Accident Final ENGLISH Report聽聽 26,6 MB聽 -224 pages-

聽聽聽聽 BEA聽 (Bureau d’enqu锚tes et d’analyses聽pour la s茅curit茅 de l鈥檃viation civile聽)

聽聽聽聽聽Minist猫re de l 鈥櫭塩ologie, du D茅veloppement durable, des Transports et du Logement聽

聽聽聽聽 France/ July聽2012聽

** Les derni猫res minutes du vol AF447聽 (Infographie-Le Monde)